TPR stands for Total Physical Response and was created by Dr. James J Asher. It is based upon the way that children learn their mother. I am inserting some excellent information written by Dr. James , the originator of TPR. It will provide you with the basic concepts and philosophy of this. Most of the studies reported in this article were supported by a research contract from the Personnel and Training Branch of the Office of Naval Research.

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What is TPR – Updated: Immersion and Dual Language

Asher’s third hypothesis is that language learning should not involve any stress, as stress and negative emotions inhibit the natural language-learning process. Mother tongue mirroring Sandwich technique Back-chaining Dictogloss Information gap.

I don’t think that it matters how you classify TPR. Routledge Encyclopedia of Language Teaching and Learning. Since that time, scores of language classes using TPR in countries around the world have enjoyed successful results for students acquiring European, Asian, Indian and Semitic languages.

At lightning velocity, the student’s brain processes information like this: According to its proponents, total physical response has a number of advantages: TPR seems to work effectively for children and adults. Transforming an ordinary committee meeting into a powerful problem solving session.

TPR is magical to jump start people of all ages into the target language. His e-mail address is ramiro2 sonic. Abstractions will come later, not necessarily by direct instruction but in the context of discourse. Total physical response is an example of the comprehension approach to language teaching. For a detailed review of this research, see my book: The majority of class time in TPR lessons is spent doing drills in which the instructor ptr commands using the imperative mood.


Students of all ages including adults experience instant success in understanding an alien language. The child responds physically to the speech of the parent, and the parent reinforces the child’s responses through further speech. In a traditional language program, principals screen “low” academic students from foreign language classes under the assumption that, “They simply can’t do it! He is the recipient of many awards for excellence in teaching and research.

Then return to the right brain with more TPR to understand another sample. Physical movement is controlled primarily by the right hemisphere, and Asher sees the coupling of movement with language comprehension as the key to language acquisition.

How to present a believable sample of the target language Dr. While the majority of class time in total physical response is spent on listening comprehension, the ultimate goal of the method is to develop oral ashfr. Remember, the right brain internalizes without analysis for high-speed learning. However, it is recognized that TPR is most useful for beginners, though it can be used at higher levels where preparation becomes an issue for the teacher. He is a emeritus Professor of Industrial Psychology and former Associate Dean at San Jose State University, the first public institution of higher learning jamea California, founded in Note that this is exactly how children acquire another language so quickly while living in a foreign country.

From ttpr research and trials in hundreds of language classrooms around the world in scores of languages, we know more about how TPR works than any other idea in second language learning.

Total physical response

Analysis into artificial categories is fine to “polish” the target language for advanced students who are already fluent, but not for beginners or even intermediate students. In TPR, instructors give commands to students in the target language with body movements, and students respond with whole-body actions.

Students enjoy getting out of their chairs and moving around. This has significance for language instruction which I will explain next. This has profound implications for acquiring other languages fpr school.


By asyer this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Why have college and university teacher trainers underestimated the value of TPR? When the instructor in traditional classes asks students to “Listen and repeat after me! I am inserting some excellent information written by Dr.

For more on right-left brain research discoveries in more than 4, studies, read my books: Instructors are perceived by their students as “miracle workers. Grammar is not taught explicitly but can be learned from the language input. When testing children and adults learning Russian, Asher and Price found that the adults outperformed the children. He is the axher of many awards for excellence in teaching, including the highest academic honor of “Outstanding Professor” from San Jose State University, which has a faculty of 1, PhDs and 30, students.

Views Read Edit View history. Traditional programs in both math and foreign languages share a common flaw, in my judgment. Learning on the Right Side of the Brain 2nd edition. With my pioneer research in the past 50 years, we learned a lot about acquiring languages by observing infants.

The second of Asher’s hypotheses is that effective language learning must engage the right hemisphere of the brain. Everyone of us did it with our native language. Teachers do not have to limit themselves to TPR techniques to teach azher to the principles of the total physical response method.

Can’t we do something else.