What is a Bunion? A bunion (also referred to as hallux valgus or hallux abducto valgus) is often described as a bump on the side of the big toe. But a bunion is. A bunion is a deformity of the joint connecting the big toe to the foot. The big toe often bends Synonyms, Hallux abducto valgus, hallux valgus, metatarsus primus varus. Hallux Valgus-Aspect pré op Specialty · Orthopedics. Hallux valgus causes pain particularly in the bunion on the inner side of the foot, Interventions for treating hallux valgus (abductovalgus) and bunions.

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The pain does not necessarily have to involve the great toe itself.

Conflict of interest statement. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. The pathogenesis of hallux valgus. Conclusion The literature contains practically no well-controlled prospective trials; in particular, no comparison of different treatment procedures. Akin 8Arnold e4Chacon et al. Last reviewed June The examiner should also establish whether the deformity is flexible, i. If your institution subscribes to this resource, and you don’t have a MyAccess Profile, please contact your library’s reference desk for information on how to gain access to this resource from off-campus.

Bunion – Wikipedia

Cochrane Database Syst Rev ; 2: The technique most widely used today was first described by Mann The radiograph will show the congruence of the metatarsophalangeal joint, i.

Home Books Quick Answers: Blisters may form more easily around the site of the bunion as well. An alternative in patients with hallux valgus et rigidus who still have a high level of physical activity is arthrodesis of the joint.


One disadvantage is almost total loss of function of the great toe, which no longer has sufficient contact with the ground during the heel rise phase of gait. The hallux valgus deformity consists principally of lateral deviation of the great anductus.

A conservative operation for bunions. All randomized controlled trials had case numbers that were too small and follow-up periods that were too short.

Care must be taken to ensure proper compression by the bandage applied postoperatively. Conclusion The clinical outcome of present treatments seems to be good in most cases, but large-scale randomized trials are still needed to verify the efficacy of the wide variety of operations and fixation techniques that are currently being offered. Pain in the smaller toes can be alleviated with pads and toe straighteners.

Occasionally there are special indications.

The Treatment of Hallux Valgus

A review of surgical outcomes of the Lapidus procedure for treatment of hallux abductovalgus and degenerative joint hqllux of the first MCJ. Hallux valgus has numerous recognized etiologies, including biomechanical, traumatic, and metabolic factors.

The success of an operation depends crucially on the selection of the best procedure for the individual deformity. The pathophysiology of abducgus juveline bun-ion. The goals of surgery are soft tissue and bone realignment. In such a case it is not enough to correct the deformity of the smaller toes; the hallux valgus must be rectified.


The different surgical procedures are based on various underlying principles, e. J Bone Joint Surg Br.

Clin Orthop Relat Res. Because it is the part of the body most distant from the heart, the foot is the first place where decreased perfusion will make itself noticed. A disadvantage of some operative techniques is reduced perfusion of the head of metatarsal I. Rehabilitation In our institution all operations on the forefoot are followed by full weight bearing in a postoperative shoe with a flat, stiff sole that is worn for 6 weeks. Footnotes Conflict of interest statement The authors declare that no conflict of interest exists.

Table 2 Randomized clinical trials of hallux valgus surgery.

Accurate correction angle, implant necessary, extensive soft tissue dissection. The patient changes the dressing each day. At present there are many different bunion surgeries for different effects. The presence of bunions can lead to difficulties finding properly fitting footwear and may force a person to buy a larger size shoe to accommodate the width the bunion creates.

No significant difference, also not with regard to anductus of first tarsometatarsal joint. Arthrodesis of the first metatarsophalangeal joint is utilized for severe deformities, spastic or rigid deformities, and abducrus arthritis.