BATTLE OF TALIKOTA PDF

BATTLE OF TALIKOTA PDF

The grand Hampi was reduced to a wasteland. Even today, it is known by the tragic Kannada moniker, Haalu Hampi (Ruined Hampi). And this. The Battle of Talikota (or Tellikota) (January 26, ) constituted a watershed battle fought between the Vijayanagara Empire and the Deccan. The Battle of Talikota is one of the most important battles in South Asia’s long history.

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This article abides by terms of the Creative Commons CC-by-sa 3. You may find it helpful to search within the site to see how similar or related talikoota are covered. To cite this article click here for a list of acceptable citing formats. Thank You for Your Contribution! The battle spelled the death knell for the large Hindu kingdoms in Indiaending the last great southern empire in India.

Battle of Talikota (1565 AD)

Second, all of the three main commanders of the Vijayanagara army, including Aliya Rama Raya, had been elderly, whereas the Sultanate armies had younger commanders. The capital and treasury lay in great peril, so Sriranga I retreated with the treasury to Chandragiri and from there established a supply line for Chennappa Nayaka galikota defend Penukonda.

Along with his Muslim troops he ransacked the temple and laid waste to it. Inhe felt he was too old to rule and retired to a religious life of Vishnubhakti Devotion to God Vishnu.

Battle of Talikota

The Battle of Talikotain which the Muslim sultanates demolished the armies of Vijayanagar, may hold the key to explaining the fall. The Muslim troops waited and rested outside the capital for three days. Vijayanagar; A Contribution to the History of India”. But by Adil Shah had vastly strengthened his army and fortified Adoni as a base to launch a “non-stop war” on the Vijayanagarans.

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A victorious army along with dwellers then fell upon the city.

Even after Muslim sultanates defeated the armies of the Vijayanagara empire in the s C. Kannada country lost its united identity for the coming four centuries, through the creation of smaller states such as the Kingdom of MysoreKeladi Nayakas, Nayakas of Chitradurga, the latter two eventually merging with the Kingdom of Mysore.

tallikota

Battle of Talikota – Wikipedia

Qutb Shah and Nizam Shah, who were friends, decided to go on their own first and led their divisions to clash with Tirumala Deva Raya ‘s division. Third, while the Vijayanagara infantry depended on bows made of bamboothe Sultanate armies used crossbows made of metal, which proved more accurate, gave greater distance, and, ultimatley, more lethal. At the critical point of the war, Muslim officers in the Vijayanagara army launched a subversive attack.

The Polygar Palyagar system local chieftains which had been so successful earlier was also a reason for break away factions. Previous Battle of Stalingrad. It is believed that there was a conflict between him and his nephew Pedda Tirumala over the control of the city and hence he decided to abandon it.

Learn More in these related Britannica articles: The looting of Hindu Vijanagara by the victorious army of the Muslim sultanates is supposed to have gone on for six months, after which the sultans set fire to the city.

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In the Tamil country Nayakas of O, Tanjavur and Gingee established independent kingdoms, which to a great extant restored local stability in these regions. Thus, till the end of Venkata? The battle ended in a complete victory for the sultanates, with the raja being beheaded and put on display as a trophy. The younger brother of Aliya Rama Raya, also called Tirumala became regent through local support. Men, women and children were killed.

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A History of India. Those commanders had defected from the Adil Shahi kingdom and later had been employed by Aliya Rama Raya. If you prefer to suggest your own revision of the article, you can go to edit mode requires login.

However, Qutb Shah soon appointed Murari Rao, the Brahmin brigand, as his commander-in-chief, and he began strengthening the Golconda army. The Battle of Talikota 26 January was a watershed battle fought between the Vijayanagara Empire and the Deccan sultanates.

He appointed his 3 sons, Sriranga, Rama and Venkata as viceroys at Penukonda, Shrirangapattanam and Chandragiri to respectively administer the Telugu, Kannada and Tamil divisions of the kingdom.

Vijayapuracity, northern Karnataka state, southern India.

Battle of Talikota – New World Encyclopedia

It took Tirumala a whole six years to restore civil administration and rebuild an army. Hard pressed in Adoni the Hindu armies capitulated but Tirumala and Chennappa put up a strong resistance at Penukonda and repulsed the Muslim forces from the Telugu country. But the Vijayanagar general Gopalaraja defeated and repulsed this attack in Tirumala then initiated negotiations with the Nayakas of Gingee, Tanjavur and Madurai and unified them to his cause of the defense of the South against the Turushkas.

The Deccan kings had a grand total of 80, infantry and 30, cavalry. In other projects Wikimedia Commons.